Cúng rằm tháng 7 vào ngày nào, giờ nào tốt nhất? Cách cúng ra sao? | Muasalebang

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Inyanga yesi-7 isondela ngemicimbi eminingi eyenziwayo. Lapho, akunakwenzeka ukungasho usuku lwenyanga egcwele kaJulayi. Ngakho-ke iyini inyanga egcwele kaJulayi futhi uyini umsuka wayo? Unikela ngaluphi usuku inyanga egcwele ngoJulayi?, isiphi isikhathi ngo-2021 okuyisona esihle kakhulu nesihamba phambili? Konke kuzophendulwa khona kulesi sihloko.

Ithini inyanga egcwele kaJulayi?

Kungani uJulayi ebizwa ngokuthi inyanga yesipoki?

Ngokwezinkolelo zabantu, inyanga egcwele yenyanga yesikhombisa iwukuthethelelwa kwabafileyo: usuku lapho umnyango wejele uvulwa, ushwele wabafileyo, ngakho-ke kukhona umkhosi wokukhulekela umphefumulo (ntambama) abangenamakhaya nabangenamakhaya.Ukuba nezihlobo Emhlabeni ezizozikhonza, kanye nosuku zonke iziboshwa zaseSihogweni ziba nethuba lokuthethelelwa izono zazo, zikhululwe ekuzalweni endaweni enokuthula.

“Enyangeni yomphefumulo” (uJulayi wekhalenda lenyanga), isiko lesintu likholelwa ukuthi inyanga inebhadi futhi iqukethe ama-taboos, kanye nokukhuthaza umsebenzi wokudla imifino nomsebenzi wokupha. Kodwa-ke, kukhona abadayisi abaningi abakholelwa ukuthi inyanga yesi-7 futhi iyinyanga yokuqala ukuthenga izimpahla ukuze uthengise futhi uthengise phakathi Nonyaka Omusha Wenyanga.

Inyanga egcwele kaJulayi yi-Vu Lan (umkhosi wokuzinikela kwengane)

I-Vu Lan (isi-Chinese: 盂蘭, pinyin: Zhōngyuán Jie; sa. ulambana), ebuye iqondwe njengomkhosi wokuhlonipha izingane, ingelinye lamaholide ayinhloko obuBuddha (eNyakatho yeMahayana).

Kususelwa endabeni yenganekwane enkulu u-Bodhisattva Muc Kien Lien owasindisa umama wakhe empilweni yesipoki esilambile. I-Vu Lan iholidi laminyaka yonke lokukhumbula ukufaneleka kwabazali (kanye namadlozi ngokuvamile) – abazali bale mpilo kanye nezimpilo zangaphambili.

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Ngokusho kweVu Lan Sutra, esikhathini esidlule, uMc Kien Lien wenza izimangaliso eziningi ngempumelelo. Umama wakhe, uNkz. Thanh De, useshonile, uyakhumbula futhi ufuna ukwazi ukuthi unjani manje, ngakho usebenzisa amehlo akhe omlingo ukuze aqalaze emhlabeni wonke ukuze athole. Ebona ukuthi unina, ngenxa yekarma eminingi embi, kwadingeka azalwe njengesipoki esilambile, ehlushwa indlala nokoma, wehlisela irayisi endaweni yemimoya ukuze amnikeze. Nokho, ngenxa yendlala isikhathi eside, unina wasebenzisa isandla esisodwa ukuvala indishi yakhe yerayisi ngesikhathi edla ukuze avimbele ezinye izipoki ukuba zifike zizophanga, ngakho lapho ukudla kulethwa emlonyeni wakhe, kwaphenduka umlilo obomvu.

Futhi ngokusho kweVu Lan-ban Sutra, uMic Lien wabuya ukuyofuna uBuddha ukuze abuze ukuthi angamsindisa kanjani unina, uBuddha wafundisa ukuthi: “Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi uphana kangakanani, ngeke ukwazi ukusindisa unyoko. Munye kuphela. I-synergy. Usuku lwenyanga egcwele enyangeni yesikhombisa kuphela usuku olufanele lokumema izindela, ngakho yenzani amalungiselelo eminikelo ngalolo suku.”

Ngokulandela amazwi kaBuddha, unina kaMuc Lien wakhululwa. UBuddha wabuye wafundisa ukuthi: izidalwa ezinemizwa ezifuna ukukhokha inzalo kubazali bazo ngale ndlela (Vu-Lan-Phan Dharma). Kusukela lapho, kwazalwa umkhosi wakwaVulan.

Inyanga egcwele kaJulayi unyaka omusha weTrung Nguyen (isiko lamaShayina)

Ngokwesiko lamaShayina, usuku lwenyanga egcwele lwenyanga yesikhombisa oluka-Xue Zhongyuan futhi lubizwa ngokuthi i-Ghost Day (umoya wabafileyo) kanti inyanga yesikhombisa ngokuvamile ibhekwa njengeNyanga Yenyanga (鬼月, INyanga yedemoni), lapho izipoki nemimoya, kuhlanganise neyamadlozi ashona, ivela endaweni engaphansi. Kanye noMkhosi we-Qingming (entwasahlobo) noChong Cuu (ekwindla), inzalo ephilayo ihlonipha okhokho bayo abangasekho, phakathi noMkhosi Wezipoki, kuthiwa abafileyo bavakashela abantu abaphilayo.

Ngosuku lweshumi nanhlanu, izindawo zezulu nesihogo nendawo yabaphilayo zivula iminyango yazo, futhi amaTao namaBuddha enza imicikilisho yokuguqula nokukhulula ukuhlupheka komuntu oshonile.

Incazelo yesipoki inyanga egcwele kaJulayi

Ngokwesiko labantu baseVietnam lokukhonza amadlozi. Lolu suku usuku “Xolisa Ngabafileyo” Ngakho-ke izindlu eziningi zinethreyi leminikelo yerayisi phambi kwendlu. Ukukhulekela imiphefumulo engenakuzisiza engenamndeni, ebizwa nangokuthi ngokwendabuko. Njengokunikela emphefumulweni, “ukunikela ngokudla” (ukunikeza ukudla).

Ngalolu suku, umndeni ngamunye unikeza amathreyi amabili elayisi. Ukukhonza amadlozi e-altare lamadlozi nokwenza iminikelo kwabaphilayo (ukunikela ngokudla noma ukukhonza imimoya). Egcekeni elingaphambili noma eceleni komgwaqo (uma umgwaqo ubanzi)

ENyakatho, abantu bavame ukukhulekela ngaphambi kosuku olugcwele lwenyanga kaJulayi. Ngoba uBuddha uzothethelela abafileyo phakathi nosuku olungu-1 ngosuku lwe-15 lwenyanga yesi-7 (inyanga egcwele yenyanga yesi-7), yonke imiphefumulo kuhlanganise ne-yaksha enesono nebi ikhululekile. Ngakho-ke uma sikhonza abadala ngalolusuku siyesaba ukuthi lemimoya izosiqeda, iphinde ilethe amasosha amabi nezipoki emzini wethu nakuba sibaphe uphuthu ukuze bangatholi lutho.abazukulu abahlatshelwe.

Ngokwesintu, ngelanga eligcwele inyanga kaJulayi, imiphefumulo eminingi iyobe “idedelwa” ukuze izule, ngakho-ke uma siphendula amaphepha okuvota ngalolu suku, sizogetshengwa siphucwe abantu esibathandayo. Ngakho-ke, ezingutsheni nefenisha, igama lomamukeli ngokuvamile lizophawulwa ngokucacile, lapho kukhulekela, futhi lifunde igama ngokucacile futhi licele imvume yonkulunkulu bendawo yokuvumela oshonile ukuba athole izimpahla, enze iminikelo kuqala futhi aziguqule kusengaphambili ukuze ukuthi izihlobo zingabathola kalula.

Inyanga egcwele ngoJulayi

Iluphi usuku olungcono kakhulu nesikhathi sokunikeza inyanga egcwele ngoJulayi?

Ukunikela kwenyanga egcwele yenyanga yesi-7 kuzokwenzeka kusukela ngomhlaka-2 kuya ku-14 ekhalendeni lenyanga ngaphandle kokubheka okuhle noma okubi ngoba abantu basendulo bavame ukucabanga ukuthi kusukela osukwini lwe-2 kuya ku-14 lwenyanga ye-7 kuyoba yisikhathi. lapho uPluto ewa.ukuvula iSango likaDeveli, ukuze imimoya ibuyele eYangtze futhi ijabulele iminikelo enikelwa ngabantu. Ungakhetha noma iyiphi idethi ngokuya ngohlelo lwakho lwesikhathi oluphusile inqobo nje uma kungaphambi kosuku lwe-15 lwekhalenda lenyanga.

UJulayi 15 kuzoba usuku lokuvala lwaleso sikhathi “sokuvula”, ngakho-ke kuzoba nzima kubantu ababi ukuthi “babuye” noma bangakwazi ukuthola izinto zokukhulekela. Noma kukhona nombono wokuthi ngosuku lwenyanga egcwele kaJulayi, imiphefumulo eminingi “izokhululwa” ukuze izule, asebekhulile bangase bangatholi lutho enzalweni yabo. Ngakho-ke, abantu bavame ukuba nomkhuba wokukhulekela inyanga egcwele ngoJulayi odlule, futhi lo mkhuba wakhiwa ezizukulwaneni ngezizukulwane. Ezindaweni eziningi, kuvamile ukukhulekelwa kwenyanga egcwele kaJulayi ngomhlaka-13 noma 14

Abantu abaningi futhi banombuzo wokuthi ngasiphi isikhathi isikhathi esifanele sokukhonza inyanga egcwele yenyanga kaJulayi, impendulo izoba l.UVu Lan uthandazela usizo futhi ukhokha inzalo emadlozini, ngakho kufanele kwenziwe emini. khonza ngezikhathi zasemini, ngabo 11am to 12pm ukuze amadlozi emukele kangcono iminikelo yenzalo yawo. Noma kunjalo Umkhosi wokukhulekela kufanele wenziwe kusihlwa. Okukhethekile okufanele sikuqaphele ukuthi ithreyi leminikelo yomphefumulo kufanele libekwe egcekeni, hhayi ngaphandle komnyango futhi kufanele liphele ngaphambi kuka-12pm.

Yini ehlanganisiwe ekunikeleni kwenyanga egcwele ngoJulayi, indlela yokuyilungiselela kahle?

Itafula likaBuddha yi-altare likaBodhisattva Avalokitesvara, elivame ukukhulekelwa endlini ngayinye. Inyanga egcwele kaJulayi iyiholide elikhulu lamaBuddha, futhi umkhosi we-Vu Lan, ovela ebuhleni buka-Muc Kien Lien owadela ukuphila kwakhe ukuze asindise unina.

Ukuze ukhonze itafula likaBuddha, udinga kuphela ukulungisa ithreyi lerayisi lemifino noma ithreyi lezithelo ezinhlanu ukuze ukhonze uBuddha, futhi kufanele unikezwe phakathi nosuku. Ngemva kokwenza iminikelo, u-Buddha ohlinzeka ngethreyi ngokuvamile uzojatshulelwa umndeni ekhaya.

Ungayenza kanjani iminikelo kuBuddha yenyanga egcwele yenyanga kaJulayi

Ukunikela endlini, owaziwa nangokuthi ukukhulekela onkulunkulu namadlozi, ngokuvamile kuzohlanganisa nethreyi leminikelo enosawoti. Kufanele kulungiswe ithreyi lomnikelo elihloniphekile, izinhlobonhlobo zokudla ezinomsoco, ezintsha nezihlanzekile, ezibonisa inhlonipho nokubonga kumadlozi.

Iminikelo emnandi ngokuvamile ihlanganisa izitsha ezifana nelayisi elinamathelayo, inkukhu ebilisiwe, isobho, ilayisi, inhlanzi eyosiwe, izitsha ezithosiwe, ama-mannequin, njll. Kuphelezelwa izithelo, izimbali, amanzi, iwayini, impepho, amakhandlela, amaphepha evoti nezinye izitsha. indawo engaphansi eyenziwe ngephepha elingokomfanekiso njengezingubo, izicathulo,…

Indlela yokukhonza amadlozi ngenyanga egcwele kaJulayi

Iminikelo yangaphandle, eyaziwa nangokuthi iminikelo kuzidalwa ezizwelayo noma iminikelo emimoyeni, yenzelwe inhloso yokupha imiphefumulo elahlekile elahlekelwe ingcebo futhi engenakhaya noma indawo yokukhosela.

Uma usazibuza ukuthi yiluphi usuku okumele ukhonze ngalo inyanga egcwele yenyanga yesikhombisa, ongoti kwezomoya batusa ukuthi ukhonze kusihlwa kusukela mhlaka 2 July kuya kumhlaka 14 wenyanga yesi-7 ngenxa yombono wokuthi lesi yisikhathi imimoya isendleleni ebuyela esihogweni ngakho isikhathi esingcono kakhulu sokwenza iminikelo.

Ithreyi lomnikelo kubantu abazwelayo ngokuvamile lihlanganisa le minikelo elandelayo:

  • Ilayisi likasawoti (isitsha esi-1 sizofafazwa eceleni komgwaqo noma egcekeni lendlu ngezindlela ezine kanye nezinkomba eziyisishiyagalombili ngemva kokuphela komnikelo).
  • Iphalishi elimhlophe eliphekwe kancane (izinkomishi eziyi-12 ezincane).
  • Isithelo (izinhlobo ezi-5 zemibala emi-5).
  • Zonke izinhlobo zamaphophukhoni, ikhekhe, uswidi.
  • 12 amakhadi ushukela.
  • Izingubo zezidalwa ezizwelayo ezinemibala eminingi (blue, green, yellow, pink…).
  • Imali engenalutho (imali yangempela, ngokuvamile iyashintsha) kanye nevoti.
  • Amanzi ama-3 (noma izingilazi ezi-3 ezincane), impepho namakhandlela.

Indlela yokukhulekela ngaphandle enyangeni egcwele kaJulayi

Inothi elibalulekile lomkhosi wokukhulekela kufanele kube imifino. Ngokwezinkolelo zabantu, ukunikeza ukudla okunosawoti kuzovusa ukuhaha, inzondo, nokuduka kwemimoya.

Ithreyi lokunikela livamise ukubekwa ngaphandle, lapho unikela ngezinhlamvu zemali zegolide, lizosakazwa ngokulinganayo ethreyini, ngaphandle kwalokho, libalulekile kuzo zonke izinhlobo zempepho nezinkuni ze-agarwood ezisetshenziswa ekunikeleni ohlangothini ngalunye eMpumalanga, eNtshonalanga, eNingizimu, eNyakatho 3- 5. noma 7 izinti zempepho.

Ekupheleni komkhosi wokukhulekela, ilayisi nosawoti kusakazeka egcekeni noma emgwaqweni, kulandele ukushiswa kwephepha levoti.

Izingoma zokukhulekela, indlela yokwenza umkhosi wenyanga egcwele ngoJulayi kuzo zonke izinhlobo zemindeni

1. Ukukhuleka konkulunkulu enyangeni egcwele kaJulayi

Namo Amitabha Buddha (3 times)

Ngikhothamela amazulu ayisishiyagalolunye, kumabhuddha wezindlela eziyishumi, kumabhuda wezindlela eziyishumi.

Ngikhothamela ngenhlonipho u-Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva, uMfundisi Muc Kien Lien.

Namuhla usuku lwenyanga egcwele kuJulayi…….

Umphathi wethu ngu….

Hlala e-…….

Hlela ngokuzithoba izimbali, iminikelo neminikelo, bese uyibeka phambi kwenkantolo.

Sihlonipha ngokuzithoba uMhlonishwa u-Ksitigarbha Bodhisattva, uMfundisi Muc Kien Lien.

Simema ngokuzithoba uMnu. Kim Nien ophethe unkulunkulu wase-Thai Tue Chi Duc Ton, uMnu. Canh Canh Thanh Emperor, Amakhosi Amakhosi, uMnu. Onkulunkulu boMdabu Bezwe Lomhlaba, uMnu. Ban Gia Tao Quan nabo bonke onkulunkulu abaphethe. lendawo.

Ngiyakuncenga ukuba wehle ukuze uhlale esihlalweni sobukhosi, uhlole futhi ufakaze.

Manje hlangana noVu Lan, usuku umufi axolelwa ngalo. Sibonga Amagugu Amathathu, ukuvikelwa kukaBuddha nonkulunkulu, ukufaneleka okukhulu, futhi manje asazi ukuthi singabuyisela kanjani.

Ngakho-ke, ngenhlonipho sinikela ngeminikelo yesiliva, siveza ubuqotho bethu, futhi sifisa ukuyithola. Sibusise futhi usigcine kanye nomndeni wonke siphilile, abasha nabadala sisekuthuleni, ngenhliziyo eyodwa sibheke endleleni elungile, ukuchuma nokuchuma, inkolo yomndeni.

Vula inhliziyo yakho ngobuqotho, ukhothamele ukufakaza!

I-Namo Amitabha Buddha (izikhathi ezi-3).

2. Izifungo zamadlozi enyangeni yesikhombisa

I-Namo Amitabha Buddha (izikhathi ezi-3).

Ngikhothamela amazulu ayisishiyagalolunye, kumabhuddha wezindlela eziyishumi, kumabhuda wezindlela eziyishumi.

Ngiyawahlonipha amadlozi akithi nemimoya yempepho.

Umphathi wethu ngu….

Hlala e….

Namuhla usuku lwenyanga egcwele enyangeni yesikhombisa onyakeni…. Ngesikhathi sokuhlangana noVu Lan emcimbini weTrung Nguyen, sikhumbula okhokho bethu abasizalayo, abakha ifa lethu, bakha isisekelo sobuntu, ukuze manje sijabulele ubuhle be-yin.

Sizizwa sibonga ubuhle besiqhingi esihlakaniphile, ngenxa yomsebenzi onzima wezulu nolwandle, ngakho abathembekile bethu bazolungisa iminikelo, impepho, izimbali, itiye, izithelo, i-honeysuckle, igolide nesiliva, izinti zempepho ezilula, nokukhokha. inhlonipho kokhokho bakwa-Cao Tang. U-Cao Cao, u-Cao Tang To Ty, u-Ba Thuc De Huynh, u-Co Di, u-Ty Muoi nayo yonke imimoya emindenini yabo, abantu bangaphandle….

Ngiyakhuleka ukuba ube nesihe kubantwana bakho nabazukulu bakho, ubonakale ungcwele, ufakaze ubuqotho bakho, ujabulele iminikelo, ubusise abantwana bakho nabazukulu bakho ngempilo nokuthula, inhlanhla, ukuchuma, zonke izinto ezinhle, inkolo yomndeni, Hung Long, isiqondiso. mayelana ne-Orthodox.

Sikhonza ngobuqotho, ngaphambi komkhosi, sikhothama ukuze sivikelwe futhi sigcinwe.

Namo Amitabha Buddha (3 times)

3. Izifungo ezidalweni ezinemizwa enyangeni egcwele yenyanga yesikhombisa

I-Namo Amitabha Buddha (izikhathi ezi-3).

Ngikhothamela amazulu ayisishiyagalolunye, kumabhuddha wezindlela eziyishumi, kumabhuda wezindlela eziyishumi.

Ngikhothamela u-Amitabha Buddha

Ngikhothamela i-Bodhisattva Guanyin.

Ngiyakhothama kuNkulunkulu Wonkulunkulu BamaQobe.

Isikhathi sikaJulayi sesizowela

Inyanga egcwele usuku lokuxolela abangasekho olwandle

Yin bow uvula umnyango wejele

Umoya awunamnyango futhi awunakhaya

Imfundiso Enkulu Engcwele – Ananda Venerable

Ukwamukela izidalwa ezizwelayo ngaphandle kwamathuna, ngaphandle kwamathuna ezinhlangothini ezine

Isiqu sesihlahla phezulu emgwaqeni

Akukho ukuphephela, ukuzulazula ubusuku nemini

Ukulamba nokugodola unyaka wonke

Ungagqoki izingubo ezincane – vala ubuso bengulube

Umoya wasenyakatho-mpumalanga entshonalanga

Abancane nabadala, abafana namantombazane beza lapha ukuzojoyina inyunyana

Manje lalela isimemo sabathembekile

U-Lai Lam wathola wonke amazwi ngaphambi nangemuva

Isobho lelayisi eline-betel nut ne-betel nut

Izinhlamvu zemali zegolide, izingubo, ezibomvu neziluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka

Ilayisi elinosawoti liyimbali ngempela

Letha okunye kusasa

Ebusisa umnikazi wenhlanhla

Ukuthula, ukuchuma, ukuzwana

Khumbula usuku lokuxolelwa kwabafileyo

Ukubuyela kwabathembekile, umema ngobuqotho

Manje yijabulele

Thathani omdala nomncane endaweni engeyinhle

Amakholwa ashisa i-honeysuckle

Kanye nezingubo ezihlukene

Ozithobayo kunkulunkulu

Ubufakazi bokufaneleka

Okwethenjwa sami

Igama ngu:………………………………………

Izithandani:…………………………………

Umfana:……………………………………

Indodakazi:………………………………….

Uhlala kwa: …………………………..

Nali lonke ulwazi odinga ukukwazi ngalo Luyini usuku lwenyanga egcwele lukaJulayi, isiphi isikhathi esingcono kakhulu sokukhonza inyanga egcwele ngoJulayi, indlela yokulungisa ithreyi lokukhuleka lenyanga egcwele ngoJulayi kanye nomnikelo osezingeni eliphakeme kakhulu. Ngethemba ukuthi ungasebenzisa lolu lwazi oluwusizo empilweni yakho ukuze uthole izinto ezinhle.

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