Pasta là gì, khác với spaghetti? Phân loại, cách làm và tạo hình pasta | Muasalebang

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1. Iyini iPasta?

Chaza

I-pasta iwukudla kwendabuko yesiNtaliyane, eyenziwe ngofulawa (ongavutshiwe) oxutshwe namanzi, wabe esebunjwa waba izimo eziningi, ngokuvamile i-pasta ne-pasta. Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-pasta ingenziwa futhi ngofulawa wezinhlamvu eziningi namaqanda (esikhundleni samanzi).

Ithini incazelo ye-pasta?

Indlela yokupheka i-pasta ngokusekelwe ezicini

I-pasta iza ngezindlela ezimbili: eyomile futhi entsha. Nge-pasta eyomile, iningi layo likhiqizwa ukuhweba ngosizo lwemishini yokugoqa ama-noodle, ukuhlinzeka ngenani elikhulu emakethe. Phakathi naleso sikhathi, i-pasta entsha yenziwa ngesandla, ngezinye izikhathi isebenzisa imishini, kodwa ilula kakhulu.

Kungakhathalekile ukuthi hlobo luni lwe-pasta, lusohlwini oludumile lwe-Culinary yase-Italy enezindlela ezi-3 zokucubungula kanje:

  • I-Pasta asciutta (noma i-pastasciutta): i-pasta ephekwayo, ephakelwa epuletini futhi ihanjiswe namasoso noma ezinye izinongo.
  • I-Pasta ku-brodo: wuhlobo lwe-pasta oluba isithako esiphekwe esobho.
  • Pasta al forno: wuhlobo lwe-pasta oluhlanganiswe nezinye izithako bese luyabhakwa.

Indlela yokupheka i-pasta ngokusekelwe ezicini

2. Ama-pasta ayisisekelo

Ngokwamarekhodi, kunezinhlobo ezingama-310 zepasta ezinamagama ahlukene (okuvame ukubizwa ngolimi lwendawo, umumo, izithako noma imikhuba yokuyisebenzisa). Kodwa-ke, i-Dien May XANH izokwembulela izinhlobo ze-pasta eziyisisekelo – ezivame ukusetshenziswa ngale ndlela elandelayo:

  • I-spaghettiI-pasta ene-fibrous, 25 – 30cm ubude.
  • UPenne: i-tube pasta.
  • I-Lasagna: uhlobo lwezingcezu ze-pasta.
  • I-Agnolotti: uhlobo lwe-pasta eyindilinga, i-semicircular noma isikwele, futhi enokugcwalisa inyama ngaphakathi. Ngokuvamile kuphakelwa ushizi, isipinashi notamatisi we-cherry.
  • Bigoli: iwuhlobo lwe-pasta eyenziwe ngofulawa kakolweni ophelele noma nokunye okufana nokolweni, okufana ncamashi ne-spaghetti.
  • Bucatini: iwuhlobo lwe-pasta olufana ne-spaghetti kodwa elinembobo ngaphakathi.
  • I-Cannelloni: i-pasta enkulu emise okweshubhu, evamise ukugcwaliswa ngenyama ngaphakathi bese ishintshwa ngesoso ngaphandle bese yosiwe.
  • I-Cavatapp: i-pasta emise okwe-spiral, ivamise ukuba nesipinashi.
  • Conchiglie: I-pasta emise okwegobolondo, imibala eyingqayizivele futhi ngokuvamile yomisiwe.
  • I-Farfalle: ipasta emise okwemvemvane ejwayeleke kakhulu.
  • Lumaconi: i-pasta emise okwegobolondo lomnenke, ngokuvamile ifakwe inkukhu nama-pistachios.
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Izinhlobo eziyisisekelo ze-pasta

Kuye ngesimo se-pasta esiza namasoso ajwayelekile ahlukene, ngokuyisisekelo:

  • Ngohlobo i-microfiber pasta: ivamise ukusetshenziswa namasoso angaminyene kakhulu futhi anokunambitheka okuqinile kancane.
  • Ngohlobo i-pasta: kuvame ukuphakelwa ngesosi ewugqinsi.
  • Ngamafomu i-pasta esele: kuvame ukuphakelwa namasoso anemifino eminingi.

3. Hlukanisa i-pasta ne-spaghetti

I-spaghetti nayo isetshenziswa kakhulu, ngakho-ke ivame ukudideka ne-pasta. Eqinisweni, i-spaghetti ingenye yezinhlobo eziningi ze-pasta, futhi ungakwazi ukuhlukanisa phakathi kwe-pasta ne-spaghetti ngokusebenzisa izici ezithile u-Dien angase OKULUHLAZA azisikisele khona lapha:

I-Pasta

I-spaghetti

Uhlobo lwempushana

Yenziwe ngenhlama kakolweni (engavutshiwe), noma ufulawa wezinye izinhlamvu.

Kwenziwe ngofulawa wohlobo lwe-semolina

Izici zomumo

Kuhlukene, kunezinhlobo ezingaphezu kuka-310 ezinobumo obuhlukene, njengezinde, ezifushane, ezishubhu, eziyisicaba, njll.

Imicu mide, mincane futhi iyisilinda.

Ekuqaleni, le pasta yayiyinde kakhulu, kodwa kamuva yaba mfushane, cishe ngo-25-30cm.

Indlela yokucubungula

Kunezinhlobo ezi-3 zokucubungula:

  • Kuphekwe kahle, kukhonjiswe nge-sauce.
  • Iba yisithako esobho.
  • Hlanganisa nezinye izithako eziningi bese ubhaka.

Kubilisiwe, bese kuphakwa nge-tomato sauce, noma amanye amasoso (njengesoso kakhilimu, isoso yezilwane zasolwandle, …).

Igama

I-Pasta yigama elivamile, elibunjwe ngamagama ahlukene kuye ngendawo yendawo, futhi ngisho nokusekelwe ekubunjweni, izithako kanye nemikhuba yokusetshenziswa ukuyibiza.

I-spaghetti yigama lobuningi begama elithi spaghetto (ngesiNtaliyane) futhi libuye libe yinciphiso yegama elithi spago (isiVietnam sisho intambo encane, intambo encane).

Hlukanisa i-pasta ne-spaghetti

4. Indlela yokwenza i-pasta

Izinto kanye namathuluzi

Okubalulekile:

  • Ufulawa wezinjongo zonke: 2 izinkomishi.
  • Usawoti: 1 ingcosana yesandla.
  • Amaqanda enkukhu: amaqanda ama-2 + izikhupha ezi-6.
  • Amafutha e-Olive: 1 tsp.

Ithuluzi: Izinkomishi, izimfoloko, izinkezo,…

Indlela yokwenza inhlama ye-pasta

Isinyathelo 1: Thela impushana endaweni ehlanzekile, sebenzisa izandla zakho ukuze usakaze inhlama ngokulinganayo futhi udale umgodi.

Thela inhlama endaweni ehlanzekile eyisicaba, sebenzisa izandla zakho ukuze usakaze inhlama ngokulinganayo futhi udale umgodi

Isinyathelo sesi-2: Faka amafutha omnqumo endishini yamaqanda (kuhlanganise namaqanda angu-2 ashaywe + izikhupha ezingu-6), sebenzisa i-spoon ukuze ugovuze, kodwa ungashayi!

Shaya amaqanda ngamafutha omnqumo

Isinyathelo sesi-3: Thela amaqanda phakathi nendawo yenhlama, sebenzisa imfoloko (noma isipuni) ukuze uqhubeke ushaya amaqanda ngokwewashi. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, sebenzisa imfoloko ukuze kancane kancane uqhube inhlama kusukela ngaphandle kuya ngaphakathi ukuze uhlanganise namaqanda.

Qaphela:

  • Ukuze uvimbele amaqanda ukuthi angachitheki endaweni eyisicaba, udinga ukuwaxuba ngokushesha ngesivinini esilinganayo, kodwa hhayi ngokushesha kakhulu ngoba lokhu kuzobangela ukuba amaqanda aphume kalula.
  • Ungaxuba ufulawa namaqanda endishini enkulu yensimbi esikhundleni sokukwenza endaweni eyisicaba (uma ungazethembi ngalokhu).

Thela amaqanda phakathi nendawo yenhlama bese uxuba ufulawa

Isinyathelo sesi-4: Ngemva kokuba iqanda nofulawa kuhlanganiswe ndawonye, ​​isigaxa senhlama sizovela kancane kancane. Kuleli qophelo, sebenzisa izandla zombili ukuze ugingqike ube yibhola.

Futhi ufafaze izinhlobonhlobo zefulawa ukuze inhlama ingabi manzi kakhulu ngenxa yeqanda.

Sebenzisa izandla zombili ukwenza ibhola.

Isinyathelo sesi-5: Qhubeka nokusebenzisa izandla nezihlakala ukuze uxove inhlama kusukela ngaphandle kuya ngaphakathi, kusukela phezulu kuya phansi cishe imizuzu engu-7-10. Ngenqubo yokuxova inhlama, ungafafaza ufulawa owengeziwe ukuze inhlama ingabi manzi kakhulu.

Inqubo yenhlama idinga ukuhlangatshezwana nayo:

  • Ayinamatheli ezandleni.
  • Inhlama iyaguquguquka futhi inokunwebeka okuhle, ihlole ngokuyicindezela ngomunwe wakho.
  • Inhlama ibushelelezi futhi ithambile.

Sebenzisa izandla nezihlakala ukuze uxove inhlama kusuka ngaphandle kuya ngaphakathi, ukusuka phezulu kuye phansi cishe imizuzu eyi-7-10.

Isinyathelo sesi-6: Goqa inhlama ngokuqinile ngepulasitiki yezinga lokudla ukuze inhlama iphumule imizuzu engama-30 – 60 ngaphambi kokuyikhipha ukuze ilolonge ipasta.

Gcoba inhlama ngokuqinile ekudleni kwepulasitiki ukuze ugcine inhlama imizuzu engama-30 - 60

Izindlela ezingu-9 zokubumba i-pasta

Usika inhlama ibe kabili: uhhafu usongwe ngocezu lwepulasitiki ukuvimbela inhlama ukuthi yome, futhi enye ingxenye uqhubeka nokubumba i-pasta kuqala.

Sika inhlama ibe yisigamu

Isinyathelo 1: Fafaza ufulawa omncane endaweni ehlanzekile, bese ubeka ingxenye yenhlama phezulu, cindezela phansi ngezandla zakho futhi uvumele inhlama ibambe ngokulinganayo ungqimba lukafulawa olufafazwe phezulu.

Cindezela phansi ngesandla bese ngesikhathi esifanayo uvumele inhlama imunce ngokulinganayo ungqimba lwempushana efafazwe endaweni eyisicaba.

Isinyathelo sesi-2: Sebenzisa iphinikhodi ukuya phezulu naphansi ukuze ugoqe inhlama ngokulinganayo ukuze ungqimba lwenhlama luphume. Bese ugoqa ungqimba lwenhlama kuphini lokugoqa bese ugoqa uphinde wenze inhlama ibe mncane.

Sebenzisa iphinikhodi ukugoqa inhlama

Qhubeka ukhipha ungqimba oluncane lwenhlama, ukuze lube ugqinsi luka-1.5cm. Kuleli qophelo, ungakwazi ukugcina iphinikhodi futhi usebenzise izandla zakho ukuze uphakamise inhlama ukuze uhlole ukuthi kulungile noma cha?

Gcoba inhlama ngokulinganayo, ukuze ugqinsi lube ngu-1.5cm

Isinyathelo sesi-3: Fafaza ufulawa we-semolina ngokulinganayo phezu kwenhlama, sebenzisa izandla zakho ukuze usakaze ama-sprinkle ngokulinganayo futhi uthathe umkhawulo ophezulu wenhlama ube ububanzi obungaba ngu-3 – 5cm, wehlise phakathi nenhlama. Okufanayo nendlela yokwenza umphetho ophansi wenhlama.

Songa ungqimba oluncane lwenhlama

Isinyathelo sesi-4: Ukusebenzisa ummese ukusika inhlama ukuze ibumbe, ungakha izimo eziningi ze-pasta ezinosayizi abahlukene. Njenge:

  • Filini: uhlobo lwe-pasta emincane emincane, usike inhlama ngobubanzi obungaba ngu-2mm.

yenza i-pasta Filini

  • I-Pappardelle: i-pasta ene-fibrous, inqunywe ibe yizicucu mayelana no-2.25cm ububanzi.

yenza i-pasta i-Pappardelle

  • I-Farfalle: i-butterfly pasta. Okokuqala, sika inhlama ngobubanzi obungu-2.25cm, bese wendlala inhlama enqunyiwe, sebenzisa ummese osikiwe ukuze usike unxande, bese usebenzisa isikelo naphakathi kwezinhlangothi ezimbili eziphambene zonxande ukuze udale i-pasta.

yenza i-pasta Farfalle

  • I-Tagliatelle: i-pasta ene-fibrous, usike inhlama ngobubanzi obuyi-6mm.

yenza i-pasta Tagliatelle

  • I-Strozzapreti: i-pasta emfushane, esontekile. Okokuqala, sika inhlama ngobubanzi obuyi-6mm, bese wendlala inhlama bese uyisika ngobude obungaba ngu-10cm. Okulandelayo, sebenzisa izandla zakho ukugoqa umucu ngamunye wenhlama ukuze usonte.

yenza i-pasta Strozzapreti

  • Trofie: uhlobo lwe-pasta olufana nekhekhe kodwa eline-twist.

Ukusebenzisa enye ingxenye yenhlama, usike ingxenye yenhlama, bese uyigoqa ukuze i-pasta ibe ngu-6mm ububanzi. Okulandelayo, sebenzisa ummese ukusika i-pasta ngobude obungu-2.5cm, bese usebenzisa izandla zakho ukuyizungeza ukuze iziphetho ezimbili ze-pasta zibukeke njengomsila wekhekhe. Ekugcineni, sebenzisa ichopho lommese ukuze ulidonsele ngakuwe ngobumnene bese ugoqa ipasta ukuze udale ukusonteka.

yenza i-pasta Trofie

  • Fusili: pasta enkulu Kuvunguza.

Ngokufana ne-Trofie, usebenzisa ummese ukusika inhlama ngobude obungu-5cm. Bese, sebenzisa i-skewer ukuze ugoqe ucezu ngalunye lwenhlama ukuze wenze i-twist.

yenza i-pasta Fusilli

  • I-Cavatelli: i-pasta efana negobolondo.

Sika inhlama ibe ubude obungaphezu kuka-1cm, bese usebenzisa ithuluzi lokusika (njengoba kukhonjisiwe) ukuze ukhiphe izingcezu ezincane zenhlama ukuze wenze ipasta njengamagobolondo.

Ukwenza i-cavatelli pasta

  • I-Orecchiette: ipasta emise isigqoko.

Roll inhlama ukwenza inhlama engu-1cm ububanzi, bese usebenzisa ummese ukuyisika izingcezu ezincane ezinobubanzi obungu-1cm. Bese, usebenzisa ummese omncane, cindezela inhlama ibe mncane, bese usebenzisa izandla zakho ukwenza i-concave shape.

yenza i-pasta Orecchiette

5. Izitsha ze-pasta ezimnandi

Ngomumo ngamunye we-pasta, ungenza izinhlobonhlobo zokudla okumnandi, okudumile kwepasta okufana ne-crab pasta noma izimfanzi ezinesoso kakhilimu kashizi kulabo abathanda ukudla kwasolwandle kanye nokuthanda ukunambitheka okunamafutha kakhilimu kashizi.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, ungakhetha i-tube enkulu ye-pasta ukupheka noshizi usebenzisa indlela ye-ovini, isibonelo.

Izitsha ze-pasta ezimnandi

Ngethemba ngolwazi olungenhla, i-Dien May XANH ikusize ukuba ube nombono ocacile wokuthi iyini i-pasta, ehlukile ku-spaghetti? Ungahlukanisa kanjani, wenze futhi ulolonge i-pasta!

Kuhlelwe nguNguyen Loan Minh Trang • Kuthunyelwe ngoJuni 22, 2020

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