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Ikhaya » Ubuchwepheshe » [Review] Amakhamera aphezulu angu-5 aphezulu ongawathenga namuhla

Ikhamera yokugada

Esimeni somphakathi lapho kunokweba okuningi, ikhamera yokugada ube yithuluzi elibalulekile endaweni yokuhlala noma yokusebenza. Kodwa-ke, imakethe yamakhamera ihluke kakhulu ngemikhiqizo eminingi ehlukene, izici, imiklamo namanani. Lokho kwenza amakhasimende adideke kakhulu ukuze azikhethele umkhiqizo ofanele. Ukuqonda lokho, umbhali uzohlinzeka ngolwazi oludingekayo kuwe mayelana nale divayisi yokuvikela.

Ayini amakhamera wokugada?

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Ukukubeka kalula, ikhamera yokugada iyidivayisi efakwe ngenjongo yokusekela ukuqapha nokuphatha okukude. Leli “iso le-elekthronikhi”, elikusiza ukuthi ubone futhi usondele esithombeni esiqondile bese lidlulisela isignali kusidlulisi esifana nekhompyutha, ifoni noma imonitha.

Ikhamera yokugada

Amakhamera okuqapha anezinhlobonhlobo zamamodeli, osayizi noma amanani, afaneleka ukufakwa kuzo zonke izimo zesikhala njengezindlu, amahhovisi, izimboni noma amahhotela, imigwaqo.

Izinhlobo zamakhamera wokugada namuhla

Manje, ikhamera yokugada zihlukaniswe ngezigaba ezahlukene kuye ngemibandela yokuhlukanisa. Ngokulandelayo:

Ngokusho komsebenzi, izici:

  • I-CCTV enezintambo: ithuthuke kakhulu endleleni esebenza ngayo nenzwa ye-CCD futhi yenza isithombe sibe yidijithali ukuze sicutshungulwe. Ikhamera isebenza ngokuzinzile, ngokomsebenzi, izithombe zekhwalithi enhle, ukuvikeleka okuphezulu. Lokhu kusebenza kahle kungenxa yokwesekwa kwemishini eminingi, okuhlanganisa izintambo namarekhodi.
  • I-CCTV engenantambo: Njengoba inobuhle bokufakwa okusheshayo nokusetshenziswa okulula, lolu hlobo lwekhamera ludume kakhulu esikhathini samanje. Idivayisi ixhuma kunethiwekhi ye-wifi ezinzile, ngokuba ne-smartphone, ikhompuyutha ephathekayo noma ithebulethi. Amanye amakhamera angenantambo asekela amakhadi ememori, inkulumo ye-2-way, ukuzungezisa okungu-360-degree, njll. ukukusiza ukuvikela ukuntshontshwa nokubuyekeza izithombe lapho kudingeka. Ukusuka lapho, qinisekisa ukuphepha, ukuphepha nokusebenza kahle.

Ngokusho komumo

  • Amakhamera we-Dome: Idome elihlangene, lesimanje, eligcinwe endaweni eyindilinga eyenziwe ngepulasitiki noma ingilazi. Lolu hlobo lwekhamera lunombono we-panoramic, obekwe odongeni noma kusilingi. Amanye amamodeli angeza nokujikeleza kwe-360-degree. Amakhamera e-Dome nawo afika ngezinhlobo eziningi: anezintambo noma angenantambo, angaguquki noma ayaphatheka, angaphakathi noma angaphandle. Le divayisi ihlanganisa ubuchwepheshe be-infrared, ngakho irekhoda ngokucacile ebusuku nezimo zokukhanya okuphansi.

Ikhamera yokugada

  • Ikhamera yomzimba: Ngomklamo oyi-cylindrical, umzimba wekhamera unokubukeka okuhle, ukubona kude kuhlanganiswe nesitendi esifakwa kalula futhi silungise i-engeli yokubuka ikhamera. Amakhamera omzimba anemigqa eminingi ehlukene: anezintambo, amakhamera e-IP namakhamera e-Wifi anokulungiswa okuhlukahlukene ukusuka kokuphansi kuye phezulu. Ngokuhambisana nalokho isistimu ye-LED enamandla, ubuchwepheshe be-infrared ukukusiza ukuthi ubone ngokucacile imini nobusuku ukude.

Ngokusho ukusetshenziswa

  • Ikhamera ye-infrared: ubuchwepheshe obuhlanganisiwe be-infrared, obulawulwa ukukhanya okuzimelayo kwe-photosensitive. Ngakho-ke, kungakhathaliseki izimo zokukhanyisa, kukusiza ukuba ugcine yonke into ezungezile ngokucacile nangokwethembeka. Lolu hlobo lwekhamera luvamise ukufakwa ezindlini zokugcina izimpahla, ezindaweni zokupaka, ezimbonini, emasangweni, njll., ngenxa yesici sayo sokuqopha umbono wasebusuku wekhwalithi.
  • Amakhamera we-PTZ: Lolu uhlobo ikhamera yokugada I-High-end, ekwazi ukuphenduka oku-2-way, ukuzungezisa okungu-360-degree kanye nokusondeza isithombe esihle kakhulu. Idivayisi inekhono lokuxhuma kusistimu yezinzwa futhi ixwayise ngabantu abahambayo endaweni esebenzayo yekhamera. Ngakho, ikusiza ukuthi uthole futhi uphathe izimo ngokuqhubekayo.
  • Ikhamera yobuchwepheshe obusha HD-SDI: iwuhlobo lwekhamera ye-CCTV esebenzisa intambo ye-coax exhunywe ujeke we-BNC. Ngaphezu kwalokho, izinga le-HD-SDI lisetshenziselwa ukudlulisa amasiginali wevidiyo angacindezelwanga, angabhaliwe. Ngakho-ke, ikunikeza isipiliyoni sesithombe esinencazelo ephezulu, isiginali iyavumelaniswa futhi akukho ukubambezeleka esithombeni.

Ingabe kufanele ukhethe ukuthenga inkampani yekhamera egadayo?

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Nakuba kunezinhlobo eziningi zamakhamera emakethe, akuwona wonke aphila ngokuvumelana nalokho okulindele. Amabhrendi angu-5 aphezulu ikhamera yokugada Okungcono kakhulu okungezansi kuthembisa ukukulethela ukuzizwisa owanelisa ngempela.

Kungaqinisekiswa ukuthi i-KBVision iwuphawu oluhle kakhulu lwekhamera yokuqapha ekhaya eVietnam. Le nkampani yekhamera idume kakhulu e-US, inemigqa eminingi yekhamera esuka ezindleko eziphansi, ebangeni eliphakathi kuya kumasegimenti aphezulu. Ngakho-ke, abasebenzisi bangakhetha ngokukhululekile ngokuya ngezidingo zabo kanye nephakethe labo.

Ikhamera yokugada

Ngaphandle kwekhwalithi ehamba phambili namamodeli ahlukahlukene, imikhiqizo ye-KBVision nayo idume ngokuhlala kwayo okuphezulu kanye nesistimu yewaranti efanele ukwethenjwa ngabasebenzisi. Ngethimba elixubene lokuthuthukiswa kwebhizinisi, inani elikhulu lama-ejenti anenqubomgomo enhle yosekelo lobuchwepheshe. Akumangazi ukuthi lo mugqa wekhamera wanelisa kokubili ozakwethu bokusebenzisa isevisi yekhamera namakhasimende.

Ikleliswe endaweni ephezulu ekuthengisweni, i-Hikvision izuza cishe u-$5.3 billion emalini engenayo ngonyaka, ngaphambi kakhulu kwezimbangi embonini yezokuphepha nemfihlo. Iwuphawu ikhamera yokugada ethandwa emakethe yaseVietnam, kufanele ithole ukwethenjwa ngamakhasimende amaningi.

Njenge-KBVision, imikhiqizo yayo nayo inothe kakhulu, enamanani asukela kokuphansi kuye phezulu, ngisho nezixazululo ezinkulu zamabhizinisi nohulumeni.

Amakhamera e-Hikvision anekhwalithi enhle, ukuzinza okuphezulu, aqinisekisa izindinganiso zobuchwepheshe. Iwaranti yangempela kanye nokugcinwa kwayo kungumsebenzi oncomekayo futhi onedumela elihle.

Ikleliswe endaweni yesi-3 ohlwini lwezinkampani zamakhamera ezihamba phambili, i-Dahua yigama okufanele licatshangelwe uma udinga ukufunda ngamakhamera okuqapha. Imikhiqizo ye-Dahua yenza umbono okhethekile ezinhliziyweni zamakhasimende ngemiklamo ebukhali, izithombe ezicacile kanye nekhwalithi ephezulu.

Ngaphandle kwekhwalithi ye-premium, uhlelo losekelo lwenkampani lusalinganiselwe ngandlela thize. Ngoba, eVietnam, i-Dahua isencane, ngakho-ke isikhungo sewaranti nesondlo kanye nethimba lokusekela lobuchwepheshe basesigabeni sokuthuthukiswa.

Okulandelayo ohlwini lwezinkampani zamakhamera ezi-5 ezihlonishwa kakhulu eVietnam i-Ezviz. Le nkampani yekhamera yokugada ingumholi emikhiqizweni yekhamera ye-wifi, ikakhulukazi amakhamera ahlakaniphile ekhaya nasehhovisi.

Ikhamera yokugada

Ukuhambisana nokuthambekela kobuchwepheshe be-4.0 kanye nobuhlakani bokwenziwa kwe-AI, i-Ezviz – ibhrendi encane ye-Hikvision Corporation – “izala” imigqa yekhwalithi yomkhiqizo, egcwele izici ezihlakaniphile.

Ngokufana ne-Ezviz, i-Xiaomi igxile engxenyeni engezansi yemakethe yekhamera yokugada. Le nkampani ifanelwe ukuba phezulu kwemikhiqizo yekhamera ye-wifi.

Ngokusekelwe kufilosofi yokudala i-ecosystem ehlakaniphile kanye ne-Artificial Intelligence AI, amakhamera we-Xiaomi athuthuke aba imigqa eminingi, egxile kumakhamera we-wifi emakhaya nasemahhovisi.

Inzuzo yale khamera yokugada ekhaya iwukulungiswa kwe-Full HD, usekelo lokuzungezisa into, ukutholwa kokunyakaza, ukubonwa ne-alamu.

Imikhiqizo Ethengiswayo 50%

Amakhamera angu-5 aphezulu okuqapha namuhla

Ngemva kokuhlonza inkampani ikhamera yokugada Okuhle, ngokulandelayo kufanele ucabangele amamodeli womkhiqizo wekhamera wokugada angezansi. Ngakho, ukwandisa ukuzethemba kokukhetha kwakho.

1. Ikhamera ye-Xiaomi 360-degree 1080P Mi Home yasekhaya

Umkhiqizo wokuqala kumakhamera aphambili ayi-5 wokugada ngo-2021 i-Phongreview.com engathanda ukuwethula i-Xiaomi 3600 1080P Mi Home. Lona umugqa wamakhamera we-infrared IP anomklamo wesimanje oyindilinga, olungele ukubonwa kwepanoramic engu-360-degree. Amehlo afunda umbala ofanayo nowangemuva, ukuze ikhamera ikwazi ukufihla okuningi lapho ibuka. Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-shutter yakhelwe ukukuvumela ukuthi uvale ilensi nganoma yisiphi isikhathi.

Ikhamera yokugada

Ngosayizi wawo ohlangene, lo mkhiqizo ungafakwa ezindaweni eziningi ezahlukene ekamelweni, enkampanini noma esitolo ngaphandle kokukhathazeka ngokuthatha indawo enkulu. Izithombe ezibukhali, ikhwalithi ye-HD Egcwele ehlanganiswe nesistimu ye-infrared ukusiza ukubuka imininingwane emincane ezimeni zokukhanya okuphansi.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, imodi ye-anti-backlight, imodi yemini nobusuku kanye nokulinganisela okumhlophe nakho kunomthelela ekwenzeni umsebenzi wokuqopha wekhamera ye-Xiaomi uphelele. Umkhiqizo kulula futhi ukuxhuma kumafoni namakhompyutha kalula futhi kalula.

2. Ikhamera ye-Xiaomi Mi Smart Home Basic IP

Omunye umkhiqizo ovela ku-Xiaomi yi-Xiaomi Mi Smart Home Basic. Lena ikhamera ye-infrared ye-IP enomklamo wesimanjemanje, oyinkimbinkimbi futhi okulula ukuwubuka. Ngenxa yalobu buchwepheshe obulula, abasebenzisi bangathwebula izithombe ezibukhali, ezingokoqobo ze-Full HD. Kuhlanganiswe nalokho isici esivimbela ukukhanya kwe-backlight, imodi yemini nobusuku kanye nebhalansi yokuzimhlophe ukusiza ukubona ngokucacile ezimeni zasebusuku.

Ikhamera yokugada

Ngaphezu kwalokho, le khamera yokugada iphinde ifakwe ukutholwa kokunyakaza okuzenzakalelayo ukuze kuqinisekiswe ukuphepha okuphephile nokusebenza kahle. Lo mugqa uvumela futhi abasebenzisi ukuthi bathole izaziso, babuke amavidiyo e-HD lapho bexhumeke ku-inthanethi.

Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi ubeka kuphi ikhamera endlini, usengasibona isikhala nge-engeli engu-120-degree.

3. Ikhamera ye-Wifi IP yokugada i-Ezviz CS-CV 246

Lona umugqa wekhamera ohlakaniphile esigabeni esiphezulu, ngakho akumele ukhathazeke ngekhwalithi nezici zawo. Idizayini ethambile enomumo oyindilinga yenza kube lula ukubuka yonke indawo nge-engeli engu-360-degree. Ikhamera inamehlo afunda umbala ofanayo, ngakho iyafihla lapho ilandelela ukunyakaza kalula, ikhulise ukusebenza kahle kokuqapha.

Ikhamera yokugada

Ngenxa yosayizi wayo ohlangene, abasebenzisi bangayifaka ngokukhululekile ezindaweni eziningi ezahlukene. Ungakwazi ukuyilawula ngohlelo olusebenzayo lwamafu. Ikhamera ithola bese iphenduka ngokuzenzakalelayo ngokuya ngento ehambayo. Idivayisi isekela imemori khadi efika ku-128GB, imakrofoni eyakhelwe ngaphakathi nesipika sokukhuluma ngezindlela ezimbili. Ikakhulukazi, isithombe nekhwalithi yomsindo kokubili kuhle kakhulu, kungokoqobo futhi kucace ngokwedlulele.

4. Ikhamera yokuqapha ye-IP yentshebe engu-Yoosee 3

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Umbono wokuqala uma kuziwa ikhamera yokugada Izintshebe ze-IP Yoosee 3 ezikhiqizwa ngokwezindinganiso zekhwalithi zase-Europe. Izisetshenziswa ezisebenzisa ubuchwepheshe besimanje namuhla kufanele zidale idivayisi yokuvikela impahla ezungeza wonke.

Ikhamera yokugada

Lokhu kungashiwo njengamehlo we-infrared wamamitha ayi-15, ukulungiswa kwe-1.3MP HD, ukuhlangabezana ngokugcwele nezidingo zokubhekwa zabasebenzisi. Ngaphezu kwalokho, lolu hlobo lwekhamera yokugada ekhaya luphinde luhlanganise imakrofoni nesipika ukuze kube lula ukukhuluma ngezindlela ezi-2. Ngaphandle kwalokho, ikhono lokuzungezisa ikhamera ngokuvundlile 355 degrees futhi phezulu naphansi 120 degrees.

Lo mkhiqizo ulungele zonke izindawo ukusuka ekhaya, indawo yokudlela kuya endaweni yezimboni, imboni, inkampani.

5. Ikhamera ye-Xiaomi Mi Home Security MJSXJ01CM

Njengamanye amagama e-Xiaomi, i-Xiaomi Mi Home Security i-MJSXJ01CM inokulungiswa okuvelele kwe-1080P, ukuzungezisa okungu-360-degree kanye nobuchwepheshe bokuminyanisa be-H.265 obushelelezi kakhulu.

Ikhamera yokugada

Le divayisi isekela imemori khadi kufika ku-65GB, isiza ukuqapha isilawulikude ngefoni. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ungakwazi ukukhuluma ngezindlela ezimbili ngocingo, uqaphe futhi ubheke yonke imininingwane ngokucacile ezimeni eziphansi zokukhanya.

Ungawathenga kuphi amakhamera okuqapha wangempela wekhwalithi enhle?

Khetha ukuthi uzothenga kuphi ikhamera yokugada Isithunzi singenye yezindlela ezibalulekile zokukhetha umkhiqizo owanelisa kakhulu. Ngenxa yokuthandwa kabanzi kwalolu cingo, emakethe namuhla, kunenqwaba yamayunithi aqala imikhiqizo esezingeni eliphansi, “efihliwe” njengeshibhile ngaphandle kwewaranti. Ngakho-ke, funda ulwazi ngokucophelela ngaphambi kokuthatha isinqumo sokuthenga ukuze ube umthengi ohlakaniphile.

Umhlinzeki wekhamera wangempela, onenani elihle udinga ukuhlinzeka ngobubanzi obugcwele bezitifiketi zomsuka nekhwalithi. Ngesikhathi esifanayo, iwaranti, ukugcinwa nokusekelwa kwezobuchwepheshe nakho kufanele kwenziwe ngokomsebenzi futhi okuhloniphekile.

Njalo ikhamera yokugada abe nezici ezihlukile, umumo, ukusetshenziswa kanye nenani lokuhlinzeka ngezidingo zokusetshenziswa. Ngakho-ke, ngokusekelwe olwazini nasekuhlangenwe nakho okwabiwe ngenhla, themba ukuthi uzozenzela isinqumo esihlakaniphile!

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