Tổng hợp các loại dụng cụ pha chế cơ bản cần thiết cho Barista, Bartender | Muasalebang

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1. Shaker Bình

I-shaker iyithuluzi elibalulekile le-rookie Bartender futhi lokhu kuyisici salo msebenzi.

shaker

Yini i-Shaker?

Ishaker umshini oxuba futhi upholise izithako esiphuzweni. Uma usebenzisa, izithako zesiphuzo (iwayini, ijusi, isiraphu, i-liqueur, …) nama-ice cubes afakwa embizeni futhi anyakaziswa ngamandla cishe imizuzwana eyi-10 – 18 kuye ngomthamo, bese ethelwa engilazini. .

I-shaker yaqala ukuduma phakathi nekhulu le-19 ngumgcini wendlu yezihambi. Ekupheleni kwekhulu le-19 uchungechunge lwemiklamo ye-shaker yasungulwa futhi yanikezwa ilungelo lobunikazi.

Shaker

I-shaker yayidume kakhulu lapho umsebenzi ka-Bartender uba umkhakha ophakeme ngeNkathi ye-Jazz lapho ebonakala kumamuvi ngeminyaka yawo-1920. Lo msebenzi wabalethela impilo yobukhazikhazi yezihlabani.

I-Shaker manje isiklanywe ngezimo eziningi ukuze ibukeke njengamaphengwini, amadube, izindlu zezibani kanye nezindiza. I-Shaker ibonakala njengophawu lokuzikhandla kanye nophawu lwempilo enhle.

Ama-shakers ajwayele ukuba nomthamo ongu-250ml, 500ml, 750ml kufika ku-1 litre, 1.5 litre.

shaker yakudala

Izinhlobo ezidumile zamabhodlela e-shaker

I-Boston shaker (Ingilazi yokuxuba)

Lolu hlobo lwe-shaker lwenziwa ngezingxenye ezi-2: 1 inkomishi yensimbi engagqwali kanye nengilazi engu-1, lesi futhi isizathu esenza ukuthi i-Boston shaker ibizwa nangokuthi ingilazi yokuxuba. I-Boston shaker ejwayelekile izoba nomthamo ongu-500ml futhi umzimba uhlale uneziqu.

Ukuxuba ingilazi shaker

I-Boston shaker inokunye okuhlukile yi-tin – on – tin, lesi shaker esinamahhafu angu-2 wezinkomishi zensimbi engagqwali ezingu-2. Lolu hlobo lwe-shaker luzovuza kancane futhi luxazulule ezinye zezinkinga zohlobo lwangempela njengokuqina nokuphepha okuzosetshenziswa.

Ngaphezu kwalokho, lolu hlobo lwe-shaker lusiza futhi ukugcina iziphuzo zishisa noma zibanda. Kodwa-ke, uma isetshenziswe kakhulu, izokwenza ibhodlela libanda kakhulu, okwenza kube nzima ku-bartender ukuthi anyakaze.

izindaba ku-tin shaker

Ubuhle bale Boston shaker ejwayelekile ukuthi kulula ukuyiqaqa, kodwa okubi kakhulu ukuthi ukusebenzisa kufanele ube nolwazi oluningi ngoba ingxenye yengilazi intekenteke futhi kulula ukuvuza uketshezi lapho ulungiselela. Ngaphezu kwalokho, i-Boston shaker ayinaso isihlungi ngakho-ke kufanele usebenzise isihlungi esengeziwe lapho uxuba.

ubartender

I-cobbler shaker (I-Standard Shaker)

I-cobbler shaker noma i-Standard shaker yakhiwe izingxenye ezi-3 (isitsha), isihlungi nesivalo, esenziwe ngensimbi engagqwali ngokuphelele. Ngenxa yaleli phuzu, ukuvulwa nokuvalwa kwe-shaker kuphephe kakhulu futhi kulula, ngakho-ke leli thuluzi lidume kakhulu ngoba i-Bartender ingahlanganisa izandla ezi-2 nama-shaker angu-2 lapho kudingeka.

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Inzuzo yalolu hlobo ivela ekuxhumaneni okuqinile phakathi kwezingxenye futhi lokhu kudala ngokungafanele ubungozi be-cobbler shaker. Uma kubanda, ingxenye yensimbi izoncipha, ibangele ingcindezi enkulu yokwenza izingxenye ezimbili zinamathele ndawonye, ​​​​okwenze kube nzima ukufaka nokuvula isivalo.

i-cobbler shaker

Isihlungi esakhelwe ngaphakathi senza kube lula kakhulu ukuhlunga iziphuzo, kodwa nge-circumference encane, inqubo yokuhlunga iziphuzo izoba kancane futhi kube nzima kakhulu ukuyihlanza kunezihlungi.

i-batender ene-cobbler shaker

Parisian shaker

Inhlanganisela ye-Boston shaker kanye ne-cobbler shaker. I-Parisian yakhiwe izingxenye ezi-2 futhi ayinaso isihlungi esifana ne-Boston shaker kodwa yenziwe ngensimbi engagqwali njenge-cobbler shaker. Abantu abaningi babiza lokhu ngokuthi i-cocktail shaker yasekuqaleni.

Inzuzo yalolu hlobo ukuthi ukuklama kuhle, kuhlangene, kulula ukuyisebenzisa, futhi okubi okubili okuyinhloko ukuthi asikho isihlungi esakhelwe ngaphakathi futhi kunzima kakhulu ukuhlukanisa isivalo kunezinye izinhlobo ezimbili.

i-Paris shaker

2. Isipuni Sokuxuba – I-Barspoon

Yini i-Barspoon?

I-Barspoon iyithuluzi elibalulekile ekulungiseleleni, isetshenziselwa ukuhlanganisa izithako zesiphuzo. Isipuni siklanywe ngephrofayili ende, ezacile ukuze sifinyelele phansi engilazini ende kakhulu futhi sihlanganise izithako engilazini ngqo.

Isipunu esisodwa se-barspoon silingana no-5ml woketshezi. Isibambo ngokuvamile siklanywe ngokusonteka okuhle nokuhle, kodwa okuvame kakhulu ukusonteka okunemfologo (uphini) phezulu ku-shaft esetshenziselwa ezinye izigaba zokulungiselela njengokuvula ikepisi lepulasitiki lebhodlela lesiraphu. thola amafutha abalulekile ekhasi lemon.

isipuni

Izinhlobo ezidumile zokuxuba izinkezo

I-spoon yaseYurophu: Yakhelwe ngesisekelo phezulu kwesipuni, isipuni singaphendulwa sibheke phansi uma singasetshenziswa. Isibambo senziwa sithandele.

isipuni saseYurophu

I-spoon yaseMelika: Ngokuvamile kuba nesivalo senjoloba esincane phezulu, isibambo esisontekile sinokuncane kuphela phakathi nendawo esikhundleni sebha yonke yesibambo njengezipuni zesitayela saseYurophu neseJapane, ngakho kulula ukusibamba.

isipuni saseMelika

Isipuni sesitayela saseJapan: Inomklamo ofanayo waseYurophu, kodwa ngaphandle kwesisekelo, futhi idizayini yesibambo sesipuni inhle kakhulu futhi ingaba ngu-40cm ubude.

isipuni saseJapane

3. Ithuluzi lokulinganisa – Jigger

Yini iJigger?

Ijigger yenkomishi yokulinganisa, inkomishi yokulinganisa ithuluzi lokulinganisa elikala ngokunembile futhi lilinganise umthamo wezinto eziwuketshezi (iwayini, isiraphu, amanzi, ijusi yezithelo, …) esetshenziselwa ukuxuba. lungisa iziphuzo.

Ama-jigger ajwayele ukuklanywa ngendlela ye-hourglass enomkhawulo omkhulu ongu-1 kanye nesiphetho esincane esingu-1, esenziwe ngensimbi noma ngensimbi engagqwali futhi mhlawumbe nepulasitiki, ngakho anokuqina okuphezulu (angasetshenziswa iminyaka eminingana) futhi kulula kakhulu ukuyihlanza.

i-jigger

Amajije ajwayelekile ngokuvamile anomthamo ongu-1.5oz kwesinye isiphetho kanye no-1oz ngakolunye uhlangothi (1.5oz/1oz). Nokho, ukuze kube lula, ama-Bartenders angasebenzisa ama-jigger anamanye amakhono afana nejigger ephezulu (2oz/1oz) noma ezinye izinhlobo ezifana no-1oz/0.5oz, 2oz/1.5oz, njll. E-Vietnam, izinkomishi ze-jigger zidumile. Atholakala ngo-ml futhi Okuvame kakhulu ngu-30ml/10ml.

Ukusebenzisa i-jigger kokubili kusiza ukuletha isiphuzo esijwayelekile ukuze kwanelise izidlo futhi kusiza abakwa-Bartenders ukuthi basebenzise ngokugcwele zonke izithako.

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sebenzisa i-jigger

Amathuluzi wokulinganisa we-Jigger adumile

Ama-jigger amabili ajwayelekile

I-double jigger yakudala inedizayini yengilazi yehora engalingani futhi lena ingilazi ejwayeleke kakhulu futhi ebonakalayo. Izinkomishi zokulinganisa ezincane ziza ngamavolumu ukusuka ku-0.5oz – 1.5oz kuyilapho ezinkulu zivame ukufika ku-2oz.

Izisetshenziswa zokulinganisa ezimbili ngokuvamile yizona ezithengekayo kakhulu futhi kulula ukuzithola, kodwa uma inkomishi yokulinganisa inkulu, maningi amathuba okuthi iwe.

Ama-jigger amabili ajwayelekile

Ama-jiggers ayedwa

Ama-jiggers angawodwa ngokuvamile enziwa ngengilazi noma ngethini futhi anokwehlukana kwevolumu ukusuka kokukhulu kuye kwabancane. I-single jigger kulula ukuyisebenzisa futhi ngezinye izikhathi ingasetshenziswa njengengilazi yeziphuzo (imvamisa i-spirits).

Ama-jiggers ayedwa

Ama-jiggers aseJapane

Idizayinelwe njengejiga eliphindwe kabili lakudala, kodwa ijigger yase-Japan inhle futhi inohlangothi oluphakeme. Ngokuvamile zibiza kakhulu kunezinye izinhlobo zama-jigger. Amajiga aseJapan mancane ngobubanzi ngakho awenza kube lula ukuwathela ezingilazini futhi mancane amathuba okuthi awe. Lolu wuhlobo lwenkomishi yokulinganisa ethandwa ngabahwebi abangochwepheshe.

Ama-jiggers aseJapane

Ama-Bell jiggers

Lawa ama-jigger aphindwe kabili aklanywe ngezinsimbi engilazini ngayinye. Lolu hlobo lubuye lube nobubanzi bensimbi obuhlukahlukene ukukala futhi lunentamo ehlukile phakathi kwezinsimbi ezimbili. Lolu hlobo luzinzile ikakhulukazi ngenxa yokusabalalisa kwesisindo esiphansi kanye nendawo yesisindo ukuze liwe kalula uma lubekwe etafuleni.

Ama-Bell jiggers

4. Isihlungi (ikamu) – Isihluzi

Yini i-Strainer?

Ukwenza ukulungiswa, isihlungi siyinto ebaluleke kakhulu, badlala indima ekhethekile ekuhlungeni amantongomane esithelweni lapho benza, iqhwa nezinye izithako ukwenza isiphuzo siphelele.

isihluzi

Izinhlobo ezidumile zezihlungi ze-strainer

Uhlobo lwe-Hawthorn Strainer

I-Hawthorne strainer inocezu lwensimbi oluyisicaba, olunembobo olufakwe isiphethu esiguquguqukayo esivalela iqhwa futhi sihlunge izinto eziqinile. Igama lalolu hlobo lwesihlungi liqanjwe ngophawu lwesisefo oludumile wangaleso sikhathi. I-Hawthorne iyisihluzi se-cocktail esaziwa kakhulu kukho kokubili i-mixology yasekhaya neyochwepheshe.

Izihlungi ze-hawthorn zinamandla okuba i-tin-on-tin shaker, ijwayelane nosayizi abahlukahlukene be-shaker, futhi angabizi kakhulu. Ubuthakathaka balolu hlobo lwesisefo kunzima kakhulu ukuhlanza futhi kulula ukulimaza.

I-Hawthorn Strainer

Thayipha i-Julep Strainer

I-Julep Strainer yaqala ukubonakala maphakathi nawo-1800s ukusiza abathanda i-cocktail ukuthi bagweme ukugcwala iqhwa ngenkathi bejabulela i-Mint Julep. Lolu hlobo lokwakha luhlanganisa inkomishi encane enembobo emise okwesitsha futhi inesibambo eside esiklanyelwe ukubamba kalula ku-shaker.

Amandla e-Julep Strainer aqinile, kulula ukuwahlanza futhi afanele ama-shaker ase-Boston, ubuthakathaka obukhulu balesi sihlungi ukuthi ukuhlunga kungahamba kancane ezithakweni ezinkulu.

i-julep strainer

Uhlobo lwe-Fine Strainer

Lolu hlobo lwesihlungi luvame ukusetshenziswa njengesendlalelo sesihlungi sesibili esinesakhiwo sesendlalelo esicolekile, esinezikhala esincane ukuze sengezelele lezi zinhlobo ezimbili ezingenhla zezihlungi. I-Fine Strainer ivamise ukugcinwa ngaphansi nje kwesihlungi sokuqala ukuze kuhlungwe ama-ice chips amancane, izingcezu zezithelo nokunye okuqinile okusele esiphuzweni. Lesi sihlungi sishibhile futhi kulula ukusithola ngoba sivame ukusetshenziselwa ukuhlunga itiye elishisayo.

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isihluzi esihle

5. Izivuli Zewayini – Izivuli Zewayini

Ayini ama-Wine Openers?

Izivuli Zewayini – Izivuli Zewayini zinezingxenye ezi-3: ingxenye yokuqala ummese – osetshenziselwa ukusika ucwecwe olumboze ingaphandle lekepisi lewayini, ingxenye yesibili iyisiphethu – esisetshenziselwa ukubhoboza ukhokho nokudala ukubamba, ingxenye yesithathu. i-lever – isetshenziselwa ukudala amandla okuphusha ukhokho phezulu. Leli ithuluzi elibalulekile le-rookie Bartenders.

Iwayini Openers

Izinhlobo Zokuvula Iwayini – Izivuli Zewayini Ezidumile

I-Twist Type Corkscrews

Ngo-1795, uMfundisi uSamuel Henshall waqala ukwakha ibhodlela lewayini le-corkscrew futhi waligunyaza kamuva. Ngesibambo esisonteka kalula, lesi isivuli sebhodlela lewayini esilula kakhulu. I-concave disc phakathi kwesibambo nesikulufu ivumela ukhokho ukuthi ushelele uphume entanyeni yebhodlela. Nakuba kulula ukuyisebenzisa, kuzoba nzima kulabo abanamandla esandla abuthakathaka.

I-Twist Type Corkscrews

Uhlobo lwe-Corkscrews luka-Waiter

I-Waiter’s Corkscrews yasungulwa nguCarl Wienke ngo-1882 enezakhiwo ezihlanganisa imimese ye-sommelier noma okhiye bewayini.

Lesi sivuli sewayini sinehinge ekabili ehlinzeka ngelever evumela ukukhishwa kukakhokho kalula uma isikulufu sesifakiwe. Izibambo zingenziwa ngezinto ezihlukahlukene, okuhlanganisa ukhuni, insimbi, noma ipulasitiki, okwenza lokhu kube inketho ezuzisayo kulabo abafuna isivula sewayini esesitayeleni esisebenza ngempela.

Uhlobo lwe-Corkscrews luka-Waiter

Thayipha Air Pressure Wine Openers

Lolu hlobo lokuvula iwayini lusetshenziswa ngokufaka inaliti engenalutho phansi phakathi kukakhokho. Inkinobho encane ibe isicindezelwa ukuze kukhululwe inani elilungile le-CO2 kukhathriji engaphakathi, isunduze ukhokho ngaphandle kwebhodlela.

Lesi sivuli sewayini esinomfutho womoya sinenzuzo yokudinga amandla amancane ukuze sisetshenziswe, sisenze silungele abaphuza asebekhulile noma amalunga abuhlungu. Iphinde isuse ukhokho ngokushesha kunanoma yiluphi olunye uhlobo lwesivuli. Kodwa-ke, lolu hlobo lukhawulelwe kuphela ekusetshenzisweni kwe-80-100, ngakho-ke udinga ukucabangela ukuthenga lolu hlobo.

Air Pressure Wine Openers

6. Inkomishi yengilazi

Ngezinhlobo ezahlukene zeziphuzo ezifana nama-cocktails, ama-mocktails noma ama-mojitos ngemva kokulungiswa, bonke badinga ingilazi enhle ukuze babambe futhi kuye ngokuthi uhlobo lwesiphuzo, ingilazi ingaba nemibala ehlukene kanye nokubunjwa.

inkomishi yengilazi

Izinhlobo ezidumile zengilazi

Uhlobo Lwenkomishi Yobhiya (ingilazi kabhiya)

Lena inkomishi esetshenziswa ekukhipheni ngaphandle kwemilenze, umthamo omkhulu ukusuka ku-300 ml kuya ku-650 ml, isisekelo esiwugqinsi, osayizi abaningi nesibambo, ngakho-ke isisindo sale ngilazi sikhulu impela. I-Beer Mug ifanele ukuphakela ubhiya noma ezinye iziphuzo ezibandayo, ezineqhwa.

inkomishi kabhiya

Uhlobo lwe-Highball

Lolu wuhlobo olujwayeleke kakhulu lwengilazi kumabha, made, awanamilenze, makhulu futhi anobukhulu obumaholoholo. I-Highball isetshenziselwa ukwenza iziphuzo eziningi ezixutshwe, ikakhulukazi lezo ezineqhwa eliningi.

i-highball

UBrandy Snifter

Lolu uhlobo lwengilazi esetshenziselwa ugologo noma i-cognac kanye nogologo ongaxutshiwe. Ingilazi ye-Brandy Snifter yakhelwe ukuthi ibanjwe entendeni yesandla sakho, ihloselwe ukukhulisa imfudumalo kusukela entendeni yesandla sakho kuya esiphuzweni.

UBrandy Snifter

I-Champagne Flute

Izingilazi ze-Champagne Flute zincane, zineziqu ezinde, futhi zimise okweshubhu. Ngokuvumelana negama, le ngilazi ikhethekile ekunikezeni i-champagne ngomklamo wengilazi omise okweshubhu, ozokusiza ukuthi ujabulele iwayini ukuze ubone amabhamuza omoya ngaphakathi.

I-Champagne Flute

Uhlobo lwe-Martini (I-Cocktail)

Eyaziwa nangokuthi ama-Cocktails, le ngilazi yenziwe ngengilazi futhi inomumo we-V wakudala. Ivamise ukusetshenziselwa iziphuzo ezingenaqhwa (iziphuzo ezibandayo). Ngaphambi kokusetshenziswa, kufanele kupholiswe ngaphambi kokusetshenziswa.

Ukufunda amathuluzi adingekayo we-Bartender kuzokusiza ukuthi ube nolwazi lokuqala emgwaqeni wokunqoba ubuciko bakho be-barista. Ngikufisela inhlanhla.

*Ireferensi kanye nokuhlanganiswa okuvela kumthombo we-Wikipedia

Kuhlelwe ngu-Vu Le Quoc Huy • Kuthunyelwe ngoMashi 8, 2021

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